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Moldova - EU relations

The relations between the Republic of Moldova and European Union were formally launched on 28 November 1994 when the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) was signed and which entered into force on 1st July 1998 for an initial period of 10 years with the possibility of prolongation. The document establishes the legal framework of the current EU-Moldova political, economical, legal, cultural and scientific relations. The key goal of the Agreement is to support Moldova on the way to: strengthening democracy and rule of law, ensuring the respect of human rights as well as the minorities rights by developing the relevant framework for a political dialogue; sustainable economy and finalization of the transition process towards a market economy, providing a good investment climate and harmonized economic relations.

According to the PCA provisions the institutional dialogue between the Republic of Moldova and EU is done within the following cooperation structures:

Political level:

  • The Cooperation Council Moldova – EU, meets once a year at the high officials level (Prime Minister (President)/Commissioner for External Relations and ENP, High Representative for the CFSP, Secretary General of the Council of the EU/EU presidency). The goal of the meeting is to set up the strategic development directions of the Moldova – EU relations;
  • The Cooperation Committee Moldova – EU, meets at senior civil servants level in order to discuss the tendencies of the sectorial Moldova- UE cooperation;
  • The Parliamentary Co-operation Committee between the European Parliament and the Moldovan Parliament - meets at the level of the Heads of Moldovan and European Parliaments.

Working level:

  • Sub-Committees are sectorial meetings at specialised experts’ level which are organised once a year and these are:
    • Sub-Committee on Trade and Investment
    • Sub-Committee on Financial, Economic and Statistical issues
    • Sub-Committee on Customs and Cross-border Cooperation, and Justice, Freedom andSecurity
    • Sub-Committee on Energy, environment, networks, science and technology, training, education

At the same time, the political dialogue between Moldova and EU is ensured through political meetings in the format of Troika EU – Moldova, where are discussed Foreign and Security Policy subjects of common interest. There are held also mutual visits, meetings and consultations on all levels.

On the national level the process of the implementation of the reforms according to the European Integration Agenda is managed by the National Committee on European Integration, led by the President of the Republic of Moldova. The work of the National Committee is coordinated by a Secretariat created in the Office of the Government of the Republic of Moldova. The task of the Secretariat is to monitor and to ensure the implementation of the internal “European” reforms. At the same time the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration is ensuring a permanent political dialogue of the Republic of Moldova with EU institutions and member states.

The European integration policy of Moldova is based on two main pillars: (i) implementation of the internal reforms in line with European standards and (ii) capitalization of the possibilities which derive from the participation of Moldova in the regional South East European initiatives.

In May 2004 Moldova was included in the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) of the EU, which was developed by the Communication of the European Commission on Strengthening the European Neighborhood Policy published in December 2006 and strengthened by the Communication of the European Commission on Strong European Neighborhood Policy from December 2007.

In the context of the ENP, European Commission and the Government of the Republic of Moldova initiated negotiations on the implementation instrument of the ENP objectives. The EU – Moldova Action Plan was signed on 22 February 2005, in the frame of the Moldova – EU Cooperation Council for a period of 3 years. On April 3, 2008 the European Commission published the Progress Report on the implementation of the Moldova-EU Action Plan, Sectorial Report and the Communication on the evaluation of the ENP for the year 2007.

European integration remains the irreversible objective of the internal and external agenda of the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, the short term priority of the political dialogue with the EU member states, European Commission and Council of the EU is to upgrade to a new level our contractual and political relations, namely to start negotiations and sign the new Agreement, going beyond PCA. The new agreement in our view should include new mechanisms to ensure a gradual access of Moldova to the four freedoms of the EU: freedom of movement of people, goods, services and capital.

On 27 May, 2008 in the margins of the Cooperation Council EU-Moldova, EU decided to start the internal reflections on the new agreement with the Republic of Moldova, going beyond PCA

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